The Los Angeles metropolitan area, or Southland, is a term used to refer to the five-county group of metropolitan areas in Southern California. This includes Los Angeles County, Orange County, San Bernardino County, Riverside County, and Ventura County. Changes in house prices in the area are publicly recorded on a regular basis using the Case-Shiller Index; the statistics are published by Standard & Poor's and is also part of the 10-city composite index of S&P cities on the value of the residential real estate market. The Los Angeles metropolitan area has numerous traditional centers or central business districts, the largest being downtown Los Angeles.
Other important locations include downtown Long Beach, downtown Pasadena, downtown Glendale and downtown Burbank and, with their county, state and federal government facilities, downtown Santa Ana, downtown Anaheim, downtown Riverside, downtown San Bernardino, downtown Irvine and central Ontario. Ventura County is primarily suburban and rural, and has also developed primarily through the growth of Los Angeles. Central and southern Ventura County formerly consisted of small cities along the Pacific coast until the expansion of the U. S.
Route 101 attracted travelers from the San Fernando Valley. Cities planned according to a master plan soon began to develop and the county became increasingly urbanized. The northern part of the county, however, remains largely undeveloped and is located primarily within the Los Padres National Forest. At the center of the Los Angeles-Long Beach Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is the Los Angeles-Long Beach—Anaheim, California urban area, the second most populated urban area in the United States. Within the boundaries of the CSA, the Census Bureau also defines 30 other urban areas, two of which (Riverside—San Bernardino and Oxnard-Ventura) form the core of their own metropolitan areas separate from the Los Angeles Metropolitan Statistical Area. Urban areas located primarily outside the Los Angeles Metropolitan Statistical Area, but within the CSA, are identified by a cross (†) in the table below.
People who mentioned others as their race represented 0.5% (102.43%) of the population. The Los Angeles metropolitan area is a politically divided metropolitan area. During the 1970s and 1980s, the region leaned toward the Republican Party.Los Angeles County, the most populous in the region, is a Democratic stronghold, although it voted twice for Richard Nixon (1968 and 1972) and for Ronald Reagan (1980 and 1984). Riverside, San Bernardino and Orange counties have historically leaned toward the Republican Party, but have started to turn left in recent years.
Table 2 (see below) is a graph of the four highest sectors of the metropolitan area, with medical and social assistance reaching 15.54%.There are nine electric companies in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Southern California Edison serves the vast majority of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, except for the city limits of Los Angeles, Burbank, Glendale, Pasadena, Azusa, Vernon, Anaheim and southern Orange County. Southern Orange County is part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area and has San Diego Gas & Electric. There are three natural gas providers in the metropolitan area. Southern California Gas Company serves the vast majority of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, except Long Beach and southern Orange County. The only nuclear power plant that serves the Los Angeles metropolitan area is the Palo Verde nuclear power plant, in Arizona 46 miles west of Phoenix.
LADWP and Southern California Edison get their electricity from it. The top healthcare providers in greater Los Angeles are Kaiser Permanente, Dignity Healthcare and Providence Healthcare. LA Care and Care1st are also main providers for people in this metropolitan area who have Medi-Cal. There are hundreds of malls and shopping districts throughout this region. Some of these major malls that attract visitors from outside this area are listed here; see also Southern California Mall Chart for a more complete list. Visitors can also stroll along Broadway and Seventh Streets in downtown Los Angeles -the main shopping districts until 1950s- to see architecture of buildings that once housed downtown's department stores such as May Company, Bullock's The Broadway Desmond's Coulter's Barker Brothers and J.The Los Angeles Unified School District serves city of Los Angeles.
A number of private schools are also located in this region. The Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to several colleges and universities. The University of Southern California and University of California at Los Angeles are among largest ones; universities Claremont and California Institute Technology are among most academically recognized ones. Below is list some best-known colleges universities in this metropolitan area:
- University of Southern California
- University of California at Los Angeles
- Claremont University
- California Institute Technology
LAX located southwest Los Angeles 16 miles (26 km) from downtown Los Angeles LAX only airport that serves as hub for all three U. S traditional American Delta United airlines. In addition to LAX other airports such as Hollywood Burbank Airport John Wayne Airport Long Beach Airport Ontario International Airport San Bernardino International Airport also serve this region.